Coat of arms of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug represents the state and legal status of the subject of the Russian Federation and reflects the identity and traditions of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug.
The use of three colors in the coat of arms - silver, green and sky-blue - symbolizes the harmony of three elements: the sky (silver), earth (green), water (sky-blue).
Silver symbolizes generosity, openness, honesty. In the national symbolics silver also indicates North, purity, sincerity and snow. Green indicates summer tundra, this color is a symbol of hope, abundance and freedom. Sky-blue symbolizes the Pechora River, which according to ancient legends of peoples living along its banks, connects the world of the living with their ancestors, the past and the future.
Ornament is in the form of Nenets pattern that displays the characteristics of a traditional way of life of the local population (in the upper part of the composition there is the roof of chum, in the lower part - the antlers).
In the center of the coat of arms there is an image of the flame, which has life-affirming meaning for the polar region. Fire is a symbol of energy, light, comfort and warmth which are most valued in the North. Silver flame in the blue circle symbolizes fire and natural resources of the district - oil and gas.
Golden land crown signifies the state status of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug as a subject of the Russian Federation. Ribbons decorating the coat of arms, show the merits of the district marked with the Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1971) and the Order of Friendship of Peoples (1972).
The flag of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug is the cloth with an aspect ratio of 2:3, divided horizontally into three unequal stripes: white, blue and green.
At the top the blue stripe is restricted with the ornament, which is a traditional in the culture of peoples of the North. The ornament consists of regular-shaped figures appearing in the form of ordinary (white) and inverted (blue) rafters. Rafters angled 90 degrees with respect to each other.
The size of unit which forms the ornament has a rhombic shape and constitutes 1/2500 part of the entire area of the flag. Each unified part of the ornament is repeated along the entire length of the flag eight times and consists of 25 equal diamonds.
Overall height of the blue stripe constitutes 1/5 of the width of the panel. Height of the ornament stripe constitutes 2/25 of the width of the panel. Height of the green stripe constitutes 3/25 of the width of the panel.
The logo profitably plays with form of the territory of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug and brings to the audience information about key features, advantages of the region. Moreover, this logo is well correlated with the traditional symbols of the NAO (coat of arms and flag) due to the use of similar symbols.
Color marking with different shades of blue also reflects the peculiarities of the territory - low temperature, water, sky, snow, northern lights. The color of each square is correlated with the sign depicted. The blue color of the sky with an icon of the national dwelling, grey - antlers, greenish aquamarine - fish and seafood, very dark blue - oil.
The shape of the logo at the same time resembles the shape of the district territory, national pattern, antlers, a flying bird.
All the elements of the logo are proportionate to each other. Icons in the squares have the same thickness equal to the spacing between squares of mosaic. Spherical radii of the squares are the same and equal to the thickness of the contour in the icons. Basic font settings are based on the sign. Smoothing of sharp edges makes the logo more welcoming and friendly.
Elements of the logo represent a kind of constructor for the corporate style. Using them, you can make any form of a mosaic with the required information message.
Nenets Autonomous Okrug is located in the north-east of the European part of the Russian Federation; most of the okrug is located beyond the Arctic Circle. Maximum length of the okrug from the North to the South of the mainland is about 320 km, from the West to the East - 950 km. Extreme northern point of the okrug in the mainland is located at Tonky Cape (69°51' N and 61°10' E), within the island part - on the Vaigach island, Bolvansky Nos Cape (70°27' N and 58°32' E).
Nenets Autonomous Okrug includes Kolguev, Vaigach, Sengeysky, Gulyaevskie Koshki, Pesyakov, Dolgy and a number of smaller islands.
The distance from Naryan-Mar to Moscow is 2,230 km, to the nearest train station Pechora - 780 km.
Nenets Autonomous Okrug is bordered on the south-west with Mezensky area of Arkhangelsk Region; in the south and south-east - with Ust-Tsilemsky municipal area and urban districts of Usinsk, Inta and Vorkuta, being the part of Republic of Komi; in the east - with Priuralsky District of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. In the north, NAD has an extended sea coast, washed by the waters of the White, Barents, and Kara Seas of the Arctic Ocean.
Time zone: MSK (UTC+3, summer UTC+4)
Climatic and natural conditions:
The environmental conditions of the district are mostly influenced by its location within the cold Arctic belt. There are two climatic regions: polar (southern part of the district) and subarctic (northern and eastern parts). The average temperature in January ranges from -12°C in the south-west to -22°C in the north-east, the average temperature in July ranges from +6°C in the north to +13°C in the south. Eternal frost covers almost the entire central and north-eastern part of the area.
There are up to 100 sunny days per year. Fogs are very common in this area: 64 to 100 days a year on the coast, and 37 - 72 days in the inland.
The Nenets District climate is influenced by systematic invasion of Atlantic and Arctic air masses. Frequent change of air masses is the reason of constant weather variability. The winds are coming from the southern part in winter and autumn, and from the northern and north-eastern part in summer due to the invasion of cold arctic air on the heated mainland, where the atmospheric pressure is low at this time.
The entire territory of the district is located in the humid zone. Annual precipitation ranges from 400 mm (on the coasts and arctic islands) to 700 mm. Minimum precipitation is observable in February, maximum — in August and September. At least 30% of precipitation is snow.
Average duration of thunderstorms is 10-20 hours a year in the west, east and south of the district. In the northern part of the district it is less than 10 hours a year.
Based on the wind pressure, the district belongs to the area IV (800 Pa) in the south; area V (1000 Pa) in the northern part; area VI (1250 Pa) in Kolguev and Vaigach islands, and Kanin Peninsula.
Based on the width of ice wall the area ranges II (15 mm) in the east and west; III (20 mm) in Kolguev and Vaigach islands, and Kanin Peninsula; IV in the Pai-Khoi Range.
The main part of the district has flat terrain. Nearly 90% of the flat part has an elevation of 100 meters above the sea level; so the district contains numerous small lakes (connected by short channels) and marshes (10-20% of the territory). The major hills are: Timan Ridge and Pai-Khoi Range (altitude up to 467 m). The main river of the region is Pechora River and its tributaries. A characteristic feature of the territory is little share of ground water (less than 5-10% of the water balance of the area).
Due to the above natural characteristics, the entire territory of NAD has vulnerable, highly sensitive,and slowly recovering ecosystem.